The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the Cattle report today, showing no overall change in cattle numbers in Tennessee.
The Tennessee cattle and calf inventory for January 1, 2017 was estimated at 1.83 million. Total inventory was unchanged from last year. Five classes showed decreases from the previous year.
“Tennessee’s 2017 cattle inventory remains unchanged from last year,” according to Debra Kenerson, Tennessee State Statistician. “The increase in the number of cows and the decrease in calves are indicative of the effects of the drought last fall, which caused producers to start feeding hay an average of six months early. The combination of feed and water shortages caused cattle producers to hold on to their breeding stock while selling calves, which would have to be fed for a long period of time before being bred.”
Cows and heifers that have calved were estimated at 950,000 head, up 20,000 head from the 930,000 for 2017. Beef cow inventory was estimated at 909,000 head and milk cows were estimated at 41,000 head.
Heifers 500 lbs. and over were estimated at 270,000 head, down 10,000 from last year’s estimate. Beef replacement heifers totaled 145,000 head, down 15,000 from January 2016. Dairy heifers, at 35,000 head, were up 8,000 from 2016. Other heifers, at 90,000 head, were down 3,000 from the previous year. Steers 500 lbs. and over numbered 135,000 head, down 10,000 from 2016. Bulls 500 lbs. and over were up 5,000 head from a year ago and numbered 65,000 head. Calves less than 500 lbs. were estimated at 410,000 head, down 5,000 from the 2016 estimate.
The 2016 calf crop was estimated at 840,000 head, down 10,000 from the previous year’s estimate.
All cattle and calves in the United States, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 93.6 million head. This is 2 percent above the 91.9 million head on January 1, 2016.
All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.6 million head, are 3 percent above the 39.5 million head on January 1, 2016. Beef cows, at 31.2 million head, are up 3 percent from a year ago. Milk cows, at 9.35 million head, are up slightly from the previous year.
All heifers 500 pounds and over, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 20.1 million head. This is 1 percent above the 19.9 million head on January 1, 2016. Beef replacement heifers, at 6.42 million head, are up 1 percent from a year ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.75 million head, are down 1 percent from the previous year. Other heifers, at 8.88 million head, are 1 percent above a year earlier.
Calves under 500 pounds in the United States, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 14.4 million head. This is 2 percent above the 14.1 million head on January 1, 2016. Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 16.4 million head, up slightly from one year ago. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 2.23 million head, up 4 percent from the previous year.
The 2016 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 35.1 million head, up 3 percent from last year’s calf crop. Calves born during the first half of 2016 were estimated at 25.6 million head. This is up 4 percent from the first half of 2015. Calves born during the second half of 2016 were estimated at 9.53 million head, 27 percent of the total 2016 calf crop.
Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for all feedlots totaled 13.1 million head on January 1, 2017. The inventory is down 1 percent from the January 1, 2016 total of 13.2 million head. Cattle on feed, in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head, accounted for 81.2 percent of the total cattle on feed on January 1, 2017. This is up 1 percent from the previous year. The combined total of calves under 500 pounds and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds (outside of feedlots) is 26.6 million head. This is 2 percent above one year ago.
This and all Tennessee NASS reports are available online at https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Tennessee/. For more information, call Debra Kenerson at (615) 891-0903, or (800) 626-0987.